कंप्यूटर के संकेताक्षर (Abbreviations of Computer)

AACAdvanced Audio Coding (audio compression format defined by the MPEG-2 standard)
ABIApplication Binary Interface
ABRArea Border Router
ABRAvailable Bit Rate
ADActive Directory
ADCAnalog – To – Digital Converter
ADCApple Display Connector (DVI variant)
AHActive Hub
AHAAccelerated Hub Architecture
AjaxAsynchronous Java Script and XML
ALActive Link
ALGOLAlgorithmic Language
ALUAlgorithmic and Logical Unit
AMActive Monitor
AMDAdvanced Micro Devices
AMRAudio Modem Riser
AoEATA over Ethernet
APCIApplication- Layer Protocol Control Information
APIApplication Programming Interface
APIPAAutomatic Private IP Addressing
ASCHAmerican Standard Code for Information Inter change
ASGAbstract Semantic Graph
ASPApplication Service Provider
ASTAbstract Syntax Tree
ATAAdvanced Technology Attachment
ATMAsynchronous Transfer Mode
AVCAdvanced Video Interleaved
AWTAbstract Windowing Toolkit
BASICBeginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BCDBinary Coded Decimal
BEEPBlocks Extensible Exchange Protocol
BERBit Error Rate
BFDBinary File Descriptor
BGPBorder Gateway Protocol
binbinary
BINACBinary Automatic Computer
BIOSBasic Input Output System
bitbinary digit
BlobBinary large object
BlogWeb Log
BMPBasic Multilingual Plane
BOOTPBootstrap Protocol
BPELBusiness Process Execution Language
bpsbits per second
CADComputer- Aided Design
CAEComputer- Aided Engineering
CAIComputer- Aided Instruction
CATComputer- Aided Translation
CAQComputer- Aided Quality Assurance
ccC Compiler
CDCompact Disc
CD-RCD-Recordable
CD-ROMCD Read-only Memory
CD-RWCD- Rewritable
CGComputer Graphics
CGAColour Graphics Array
CGICommon Gateway Interface
CGICommon -Generated Imagery
CIFSCommon Internet File-system
CLICommand Line Interface
CLRCommon Language Runtime
CNCComputer Numerical Control
COBOLCommon Business-Oriented Language
CPUCentral Processing Unit
CRTCathode Ray Tube
CSICommon System Interface
CTComputerised Tomography
CTCPClient-To-Client Protocol
CTLComputational Tree Logic
CTSClear To Send
CUACommon User Access
DACDigital-To-Analog Converter
DAPDirectory Access Protocol
DBDatabase
DBADatabase Administrator
DBMSDatabase Management System
DCCDirect Client-to-Client
DDRDouble Data Rate
DESData Encryption Standard
DFDData Flow Diagram
DFSDistributed File System
DHTMLDynamic HTML
DIVXDigital Video Express
DLLDynamic Link Library
DLPDigital Light Processing
DMADirect Memory Access
DOSDisk Operating System
DPIDots Per Inch
DPMIDOS Protected Mode Interface
DSLDigital subscriber Line
DSLDomain Specific Language
DSNDatabase Source Name (ODBC)
DTEData Terminal Equipment
DTRData Terminal Ready
DVDDigital Versatile Disc
DVDDigital Video Disc
DVD-RDVD- Rewritable
DVIDigital Visual Interface
DVRDigital Video Recorder
EAPExtensible Authentication Protocol
EBCDICExtended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EDOExtended Data Out
EEPROMElectronically-Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EFFElectronic Frontier Foundation
EFIExtensible Firmware Interface
EGAEnhanced Graphics Array
EGPExterior Gateway Protocol
eIDelectronic ID card
EIGRPEnhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
ELFExecutable and Linkable Format
ELMElectronic Mail
EOMEnd of Message
EPROMErasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EUCExtended Unix Code
EXEEXEcutable
FAPFORTRAN Assembly Program
FATFile Allocation Table
FAQFrequently Asked Questions
FDCFloppy Disk Controller
FDDFloppy Disk Drive
FIFOFirst In Fist Out
FHSFile-system Hierarchy Standard
FCSFrame Check Sequence
FPUFloating Point Unit
FSFile System
FSBFront Side Bus
FTPFile Transfer Protocol
FXPFile eXchange Protocol
GbGigabyte
GBGigabyte
GCRGroup Code Recording
GDIGraphics Device Interface
GIFGraphics Interchange Format
GIGOGarbage In, Garbage Out
GPUGraphics Processing Unit
GUIGraphical User Interface
HALHardware Abstraction Layer
HCIHuman Computer Interaction
HDDHard Disk Drive
HD DVDHigh Definition DVD
HDLHardware Description Language
HHDHybrid Hard Drive
HIDHuman Interface Guidelines
HIGHuman Interface Guidelines
HPFSHigh Performance File System
HSMHierarchical Storage Management
HTMHierarchical Temporal Memory
HTMLHypertext Markup Language
HTTPHypertext Transfer Protocol
HTXHyper Transport eXpansion
HVDHolographic Versatile Disc
IBMInternational Business Machines
ICMPInternet Control Message Protocol
ICPInternet Cache Protocol
IDLInterface Definition Language
IEInternet Explorer
IGMPInternet Group Management Protocol
IGRPInterior Gateway Routing Protocol
IHVIndependent Hardware Vendor
IIOPInternet Inter-Orb Protocol
IISInternet Information Services
IMInstant Messaging
IMAPInternet Message Access Protocol
I/OInput/Output
IPInternet Protocol
IPCInter-Process Communication
IPPInternet Printing Protocol
IpsecInternet Protocol security
IPTVInternet Protocol Television
IPXInternetwork Packet Exchange
IRCInternet Relay Chat
IRPI/O Request Packet
IRQInterrupt Request
ISCInternet Storm Center
ISOInternational Organisation for Standardisation
ISOCInternet Society
ISPInternet Service Provider
ISRInterrupt Service Routine
ISVIndependent Software Vendor
ITInformation Technology
ITUInternational Telecommunication Union
J2CEJava 2 Cryptographic Edition
JDSJava Desktop System
JMXJava Management Extensions
JMSJava Message Service
JNDIJava Naming and Directory Interface
JNIJava Native Interface
JPEGJoint Photographic Experts Group
JSJava Script
JSONJava Script Object Notation
JSPJava Server Pages
JUGJava Users Group
KbKilobit
KBKilobyte
kHzKilohertz
LANLocal Area Network
LIFOLast In first Out
LSBLeast Significant Bit
MANMetropolitan Area Network
MANETMobile Ad-Hoc Network
MbMegabit
MBMegabyte
MBCSMulti Byte Character Set
MBRMaster Boot Record
MDIMultiple Document Interface
MICRMagnetic Ink Character Recognition
MIMOMultiple-Input Multiple-Output
MIPSMillion Instructions Per Second
MIMEMultipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MMXMulti-Media Extensions
MNGMultiple-Image Network Graphics
MPEGMotion Pictures (Coding) Experts Group
MPLMozilla Public License
MSBMost Significant Bit
MS-DOSMicrosoft DOS
MVSMultiple Virtual Storage
NEXTNear- End Cross Talk
NFSNetwork File System
NIONew I/O
NMINon- Mask-able Interrupt
NNTPNetwork News Transfer Protocol
NOPNo Operation
NOSNetwork Operating System
NTPNetwork Time Protocol
OOPObject- Oriented Programming
OPMLOutline Processor Markup Language
OSOperating System
OSSOpen- Source Software
P2PPeer-To- Peer
PANPersonal Area Network
PAPPassword Authentication Protocol
PATAParallel ATA
PCPersonal Computer
PCIPeripheral Component Interconnect
PCLePCI Express
PCLPrinter Command Language
PGAPin Grid Array
PICPeripheral Interface Controller
PICProgrammable Interrupt Controller
PINEProgram for Internet News & Email
PIOProgrammed Input/ Output
PnPPlug-and- Play
PoEPower over Ethernet
PPCPower PC
PPIPixels Per Inch
PPPPoint-to-Point Protocol
PPPoAPPP over Ethernet
PPTPPoint- to-Point Tunneling Protocol
PSUPower Supply Unit
QDRQuad Data Rate
QFPQuoted For Permanence
QoSQuality of Service
RADIUSRemote Authentication Dial In User Service
RAIDRedundant Array of Independent Disks
RAMRandom Access Memory
RARPReverse Address Resolution Protocol
RDBMSRelational Database Management System
RDFResource Description Framework
REFALREcursive Functions Algorithmic Language
RIPRouting Information Protocol
ROMRead Only Memory
ROMBRead-Out Motherboard
RTOSReal Time Operating System
SaaSSoftware as a Service
SANStorage Area Network
SATASerial ATA
SAXSimple API for XML
SBP-2Serial Bus Protocol 2
SBUStandard Build Unit
SCSISmall Computer System Interface
SDLSimple Direct Media Layer
SDNService Delivery Network
SDRSoftware-Defined Radio
SDRAMSynchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SMBIOSSystem Management BIOS
SMTPSimple Mail Transfer Protocol
SPService Pack
SPISerial Peripheral Interface
SQLStructured Query Language
SUSSingle UNIX Specification
SVDStructured VLSI Design
TCPTransmission Control Protocol
TCP/IPTransmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TTATrue Tap-Audio
TTFTrue Type Font
TTSText-to-Speech
TTYTeletype
UACUser Account Control
UARTUniversal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
UEFIUnified Extensible Firmware Interface
UIUser Interface
ULUpload
UPSUninterruptible Power Supply
URIUniform Resource Identifier
URNUniform Resource Name
USBUniversal Serial Bus
Varvariable
VBVisual Basic
VBAVisual Basic for Applications
VBSVisual Basic script
VFATVirtual FAT
VFSVirtual File System
VGAVideo Graphics Array
VGCTVideo Graphics Character Table
VLANVirtual Local Area Network
VMVirtual Memory
VODVideo On Demand
VoIPVoice over IP
VPNVirtual Private Network
VTVideo Terminal
WAFSWide Area File Services
WAISWide Area Information Server
WANWide Area Network
WAPWireless Application Protocol
Wi-FiWireless Fidelity
WiMAXWorldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
WInFSWindows Future Storage
WINSWindows Internet Naming Service
WLANWireless Local Area Network
WMAWindows Media Audio
WMVWindows Media Video
WOLWake-on-LAN
WOMWake-on-Modem
WPAWi-Fi Protected Access
WSDLWeb Services Description Language
WUSBWireless Wide Area Network
WWIDWorld Wide Identifier
WWWWorld Wide Web
XAMLeXtensible Application Markup Language
XHTMLeXtensible Hypertext Markup Language
XMLeXtensible Markup Language
XMMSX Multimedia System
XNSXerox Network Services
XSLeXtensible Style-sheet Language
XSL-FOeXtensible Stylesheet Language Formatting Objects
XSLTeXtensible Stylesheet Language Transformations
XULXML User Interface Language
Y2KYear Two Thousand
ZIFSZero Insertion Force Socket
ZISCZero Instruction Set Computer
ZMAZone Multi-cast Address